Как правильно использовать Present Perfect Continuous

Привет, дорогие друзбя. Сегодня мы будем разбираться, что такое Present Perfect Continuous, как правильно его употреблять в речи и зачем он нужен в английской грамматике.

Present Perfect Continuous — используется для выражения действия, которое началось в прошлом и происходило до настоящего момента или, возможно, всё ещё происходит. Если действие завершено, то его результат видимый в настоящем. В этом времени делается ударение именно на длительности действия и дается ответ на вопрос «как долго происходит действие?».

Present Perfect continuous form

Примеры:

  • I’ve been standing here for two hours.
  • Я простояла здесь на протяжении двух часов. (И я всё ещё стою здесь.)

 

  • We’ve been writing this report all morning, I’m very hungry now.
  • Мы писали этот отчет все утро, теперь я очень голодна.

 

  • She’s been running for an hour, she feels tired.
  • Она бежала на протяжении часа, она чувствует себя уставшей.

Период времени обозначается обстоятельствами времени, выраженными сочетаниями с предлогами:

  • for a long time / for  a week /
  • since early morning / since two o’clock /

Present Perfect Continuous. Таблица образования

subject auxiliary verb auxiliary verb main verb
+ I have been waiting for one hour.
+ You have been talking too much.
It has not been raining.
We have not been playing football.
? Have you been seeing her?
? Have they been doing their homework?

 

Упражнения на  Present Perfect  с ответами

We use the present perfect continuous for an activity that has recently stopped or just stopped.

You’re out of  breath. Have you been running? (= you’re out of breath now)

Ellen is very tired. She’s been working very hard. (= she’s tired now)

Why is your T-short so dirty? What have you been doing?

I’ve been talking to Tom about the problem and he agrees with me.

Where have you been? I’ve been looking for you everywhere.

It has been raining for three hours.

present perfect continuous

It began raining three hours ago and it is still raining.

How long has it been raining?

It has been raining for three hours.

We use the present perfect continuous in this way especially

with how Long, for … and  since …. The activity is still

happening (as in this example) or has just stopped.

How Long have you been Learning France? (=you’re still learning France)

Ann is still watching TV. She’s been watching TV all day.

Where have you been? I’ve been looking for you for the Last half hour.

Tom hasn’t been feeling well recently.

You can use the present perfect continuous for actions repeated over a period of time:

Chris is a very good tennis player. He’s been playing since he was seven.

Every morning we meet in the same cafe. We’ve been going there for two years.

Сравните: I am doing and I have been doing:

Present continuous:

present continuous

Don’t disturb me now. I’m working.

We need an umbrella. It’s raining.

Hurry up! We’re waiting.

Present perfect continuous:

Present perfect continuous

I’ve been working hard. Now I’m going to have a break.

The ground is wet. lt’s been raining.

We’ve been waiting for two hours.

Present Perfect continuous

Помните, что при образовании этого времени используется вспомогательный глагол «to have», который показывает, что действие завершилось, и смысловой глагол с окончанием -ing, который указывает на продолжительность.

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